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April 3rd, 2020- March Went out Like a Lion

Photos courtesy of Dennis Plank

The last couple of days of March were quite tempestuous on the South Sound Prairies with lots of rain showers, and some hail and both of them blowing sideways. The winds gusted enough to blow over a few trees in the area. However, the plants are apparently loving it.


Shootingstar taken March 31st

I had reason for going out the last couple of days (Blood Donation on Monday-hint) and a quick hardware store run Tuesday for repair materials for wind damage) and I was stunned by the difference in appearance of the landscape between the two days. It’s like everything green decided to suddenly show off

On our little five acres of prairie, the latest additions are the Shootingstars (Dodocatheon hendersonii).

I first noticed these on Sunday and took some pictures, most of which didn’t come out to my liking. This one was taken with flash attachment and a diffuser to even the light source out. The water is left over from the overnight rains Monday night.


The Spring Gold is popping out all over. Where there were one or two plants blooming a week ago, there are now ten or twenty and the Buttercups, while slightly slower are still multiplying nicely.


Patch of Spring Gold in our back yard

It’s interesting that Deb Naslund’s visit to Scatter Creek a week ago produced the same species and they actually appear several days further along (judging by the Chocolate Lily) than we are today. Scatter creek is about 4 ½ miles SSW of us as the crow flies. This demonstrates the differences a change in microclimate can make. We are just down slope from the Black Hills and in the Black River valley. For some reason, this results in colder and wetter winters and hotter and drier summers than those just a few miles away on the I-5 corridor.


Spring Gold and Shootingstar

Many of the prairie plants that can survive mowing do seem to bloom first in the yard, though there are a great many of these popping up in our unmowed prairie area. For example this little patch comprising Spring Gold and a Shootingstar was found just off the path to my bird feeding station/photography blind.


Wild Strawberry

While out looking for a patch of spring gold to photograph, I happened to run across the first Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) bloom right in the middle of our “orchard” (two apple trees and two Garry Oaks).

There are a couple of more buds visible behind this bloom, so it won’t be long until the patches of this plant will be covered in white and gold.


Common Camas Shoots

The Camas here has gone from about 2 inches last week to about 4 inches this week, though it still has a long ways to go. It is nonetheless reassuring that it will come again, just as this pandemic will pass.

April 1st, 2020- Early Bloomers Shine!

Photos and blog post courtesy of Deborah Naslund

I was very fortunate to visit to our prairies last week and capture (in photos only!) some of our star early bloomers. So, while we are all stuck at home for now, I want to share with you the walks I took last week through Scatter Creek Wildlife Area and Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve just before state agencies had to close these public lands due to COVID-19 protection measures. Here’s the first installment: Scatter Creek.

On Tuesday, March 24th, I wandered through the south unit of Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife’s Scatter Creek Wildlife Area. This area contains a beautiful fragment of our unique South Puget Sound prairie/oak woodland ecosystem. In addition to mounded prairie, there are stands of Garry oak and riparian wetland areas. Because of this diversity of habitats, Scatter Creek Wildlife Area supports a wide variety of native plant and animal species.


Quercus garryana

Garry oak communities were once widespread on the west side of the Cascade Mountains, in the lowlands of the Puget Trough. Now, because of extensive development and agricultural clearing, less than 5% of the original extent of these communities remain. More on these unique plant communities in future post.


Dodecatheon hendersonii

Walking along the trail paralleling a stand of oaks, I was greeted by the delicate and aptly named broad-leaved shooting star, Dodecatheon hendersonii. This beauty is one of our first prairie perennials to bloom. The unique structure of Dodecatheon flowers make them dependent on pollination by native bumble bees.

For more in-depth information on the dependency between South Sound prairie plants and their pollinators, see Cascaidia Prairie Oak’s post on Pollinators.


Fragaria virginiana

Wandering around to the other side of this stand of oaks, I was delighted to find a wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) in bloom. Usually blooming from May to August, these individuals are thriving in the warm microclimate between mima mounds, extending their flowering season by months. It’s not surprising to find these wild strawberries growing in a variety of microclimates on the prairie; their overall distribution in Washington ranges from ocean shores to subalpine mountain environments demonstrating their adaptability to a wide range of habitats. The leaves of Fragaria virginiana often appear noticeably blue-green as you see in the emerging new leaves in this picture, giving rise to its other common name, blueleaf strawberry.


Fritillaria affinis

Back under the oaks, several chocolate lilies, Fritillaria affinis, were sprouting, bring the promise of flowers to come. Like camas, the starchy bulbs of the chocolate lily have been and continue to be an important food source for many Native peoples of the Puget Sound area. But note: they don’t taste like chocolate and must be cooked properly to be edible! These flowers are uncommon on our prairies and should be left undisturbed by the general public.


Cardamine nuttallii

On my final swing through the area, I found several Nuttall’s toothwort (also known as oaks toothwort), Cardamine nuttallii, poking up through the leaf litter near the woodland edge. Another early bloomer and harbinger of spring, I find these in my yard under old Douglas firs and along our community open-space trails. So, when the rain clouds clear this week, take a walk through your neighborhood green space and see if you can find these beauties, or any other early bloomers that are brightening our spring days.


March 26th, 2020- Western Bluebirds

Since the Stay Home, Stay Safe order came out, all the public South Sound Prairies have been closed for access for all activities.

Since I am lucky enough to have a few acres in the South Sound Prairies, and we maintain most of it as prairie, I thought I’d take a post or three to highlight a some of our backyard bird species that seem to be having a fair amount of success in the last few years. If this closure continues long, I’ll have to hope my prairie starts to put out more blooms than Spring gold.

Female with nesting material. Note the hole in the bottom of the box intended for swallows. Photographed by Dennis Plank

Female with nesting material. Note the hole in the bottom of the box intended for swallows.

The first species I’d like to talk about is the Western Bluebird (Sialia mexicana). We are at the normal edge of the range of this species and it was very rare in this area twenty years ago due to lack of nesting cavities and competition for them with European Starlings and other cavity dwellers. Dave Clouse and Jock Beal started a Bluebird box program in 1982 on what was then Fort Lewis. Sam Agnew, an avid volunteer helped expand the program on both Ft Lewis and McChord (now combined into JBLM) and twenty years ago The Nature conservancy started putting up boxes on Thurston county’s Glacial Heritage Preserve. As other prairies were acquired by The Nature Conservancy and later The Center for Natural Lands Management, more nest boxes were installed at those preserves and are regularly monitored. The last few years have seen very good nesting success (they seemed to like those hot dry summers we had. There was a slight dip in productivity with last year’s milder weather, but it was still a good year).

Male Bluebird hunting in lawn, 2008 Photographed by Dennis Plank

Male Bluebird hunting in lawn, 2008.

Our close relationship with this species began in 2008 when a pair showed up, chose the most inappropriate nest box on our property, and proceeded to raise three broods.

From the beginning, they were a fairly confiding species to deal with photographically, and with a little patience it was possible to get reasonably close as in the image of the male foraging in the lawn below.

Unfortunately, as some of you may recall, December of 2008 brought heavy snow to the South Sound and it was capped with freezing rain creating a coat of ice over the snow. Although the range maps in the field guides don’t show it, Western Bluebirds usually winter over in this area as ours tried to do in 2008. Since we were snowed in as much as the birds were snowed out, we tried putting out some feed that insectivores might be interested in, but they didn’t make the connection.

 Puffed up young Bluebird trying to handle the snow and cold. We found it in the snow the next morning. Photographed by Dennis Plank.

Puffed up young Bluebird trying to handle the snow and cold. We found it in the snow the next morning.

Most of the birds didn’t make it, but apparently at least one did because we had Bluebirds again in 2009 and almost every year since (they deserted us for the neighbor one year).

We decided that we didn’t want to watch so many Bluebirds die in the winter again, so when they had fledglings the next year we decided to try to train them to eat mealworms placed in a bowl. As usually seems to be the case, a fledgling was the first to try something new, but it didn’t take long for the others to catch on.

This image from 2013 illustrated the feeding process for new fledglings.

This image from 2013 illustrated the feeding process for new fledglings.

The young also get plenty of natural food with this program since we just give them a few worms a day to train them. Interestingly, Sue Danver forwarded a recent study to me done on Eastern Bluebirds that showed an increase in survival and decrease in parasite load for nestlings where there was supplemental food provided.

The first brood in the spring seems to mostly be fed on the abundant insect larvae available at the time, so the mealworms fit right in. But even in August, as in this image, they manage to find larvae.

Adult insects also form a large portion of the diet of the youngsters as these images of the adults carrying food to the nestlings show.



Taken in late July. Note the rather bedraggled plumage. Raising babies is hard work. Photographed by Dennis Plank.

Taken in late July. Note the rather bedraggled plumage. Raising babies is hard work.

The Bluebirds have paired off for this year and I saw the female carrying nesting material a few days ago. We’ve started supplemental feeding and it’s great fun to have them waiting for me when I walk out with the bowl.

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Female gathering nesting material.

Female Western Bluebird coming for mealworms on March 21, 2020.

Female Western Bluebird coming for mealworms on March 21, 2020.

My hope is that they continue to multiply and eventually we get more than one pair at a time on our property. As a photographer, I would love to get more images like this one:

Male Western Bluebird with two fledglings.


All photographs courtesy of Dennis Plank.


March 19th, 2020- Our first Blog Post!

While we decided that holding Prairie Appreciation Day this year was not feasible given the uncertain conditions, Friends of Puget Prairies decided we should encourage everyone to get out and enjoy those prairies that are publicly accessible. To that end, we thought a “virtual” Prairie Appreciation Spring, accessible via the internet might spur people to get out of their houses and apartments and get some much needed fresh air. As an added bonus, it provides impetus to us to get out to the prairies to see what’s going on, take pictures and pass it on. This, then, is the first installment.

Today was a gorgeous day to be out in the open air enjoying the morning fog that does wonders to emphasize the Mima Mound topography of many of our prairies and creates an intimate and mysterious feel. Since the clear weather has created freezing temperatures overnight, the fog formed frost on all every leaf and spider web (yes, the spiders are out and busy).

2020-20200318-_SNY6557-yardbirds-Edit-2Male Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina

Violet-Green Swallow Photographed by Dennis Plank

The Swallows are also back and actively arguing over nest boxes and even they acquired a bit of frost as evidenced by the drops of melted frost on this Violet-green Swallow photographed Wednesday morning.

Tree Swallow on a Blue Bird Box Photographed by Dennis Meyer

Tree Swallow Photographed by Dennis Plank

Our other species of cavity nesting swallow, the Tree Swallow is also back and looking for a place to raise their young this year. This one, in an image taken last week, seems to have laid a claim on a box already.

In addition to the swallows, Flickers are whickering constantly, Kestrels are setting up housekeeping, and the Red-tailed Hawks have been at it for some time.

As for the plants, the Spring Gold (Lomatium utriculatum) has gotten a nice start.

Spring Gold Photographed by Dennis Meyer

Spring Gold  Photographed by Dennis Plank

This is the first flower to bloom on our prairies in the spring and it lasts a long time, with the bloom heads multiplying on the same plant. It is still in very good form at the traditional Prairie Appreciation Day on the second Saturday of May. For the best specimens, look for a nice south facing slope. The earliest blooms are just little spots of yellow less than a centimeter in diameter. This one, taken Thursday, was about the size of a quarter.

Common Camas Photographed by Dennis Meyer

Common Camas Photographed by Dennis Plank



While you’re on that nice, warm south-facing slope, look around for the leaves of the Chocolate lilly (Fritillaria lanceolata). These were about 3 inches (7.5 cm) tall today.

Emerging Chocolate Lily Photographed by Dennis Meyer

Emerging Chocolate Lily Photographed by Dennis Plank



That star of our prairie flowers, the Common Camas (Camassia quamash) is coming along nicely with many shoots over two inches (5 cm) tall and some as much as four (10 cm). The moss, still nicely green from our winter, made a nice background for this little stand of Camas.

Western Buttercup

Western Buttercup Photographed by Tim Leque





To top off today’s discoveries, Tim Leque of the Center for Natural Lands Management told me he’d spotted some Western Buttercup in bloom in a controlled burn area from last year. It didn’t take very long to find one.